Referendum of Yogyakarta, early dissolution of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia

Status of the province of Yogyakarta the first time on 5 September 1945, when King Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat lane with Paku Alam VIII, IX, states that the State Ngayogyakarta Sultanate is part of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia (NKRI) Soekarno Hatta proclaimed on August 17, 1945.

Sultan Paku Alaman Mandate together later called Mandate 5 September is a form of support Ngayogyakarta Royal Sultanate of NKRI.

When Indonesia proclaimed as an independent state by the Soekarno-Hatta, in fact the kingdom of Yogyakarta, and so are other kingdoms in the territory of the former Dutch colony could only break away from the Unitary Republic of Indonesia.

But it turns out lane Paku Alam VIII, IX and provide support to the Republic of Indonesia and the mandate that was signed with the Sultan Paku Alam with special regional status.

The specialty of Yogyakarta was also welcomed by the founding father of Indonesia in the issuance of a legal umbrella known as the charter of confirmation. Legal umbrella is actually issued by Sukarno, who was sitting in BPUPKI and PPKI on August 19, 1945.

Charter decision is then handed over to Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Paku Alam VIII on September 6, 1945.

Since then, the status attached to the Yogyakarta special region and specified in Act No 3 of 1950 Jo Law No. 19 of 1950 on the Establishment of the Special Region of Jogjakarta.

The consequence of this means a leader (governor and vice governor) of the province of Yogyakarta is king Ngayogyakarta Sultanate with his deputy was king of the Paku Alam, who had been occupied lane Paku Alam IX and VIII and then proceed (see inherited) to the Sultan Hamengku Lane X and Paku Alam IX.

These conditions have been peaceful until then appeared to Law No. 32 of 2004 on Regional Government. In the Act, provided that the governor and deputy governor of a province in NKRI elected in provincial elections (elections) with a maximum term of 10 years or two elections.

Yogyakarta Special Region must also follow the rules in the law. That is Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X and Paku Alam IX must follow the election if it wants to be gubernu and deputy governor again. Until then the government (central) filed a bill (the bill) to Yogyakarta, which until now has not been completed. Though the bill is expected to be a solution for the privilege of Yogyakarta.

It was then that Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X whose term of office was extended twice governor expressed the need for a referendum conducted for the province of Yogyakarta. The referendum for the people of Yogyakarta, is the governor and deputy governor later assigned or chosen in the election. Although there were many, the burst of the Sultan was simply to satirize the government (central) and the Parliament to settle the bill immediately.

Indeed, during this special status of Yogyakarta impressed hanged by the government and parliament. The government on one side of the House accused the slow finish the discussion on the other side of the House accused the government arrested the bill was in the Ministry of Interior. Is it true that a referendum will be the solution, like raised Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X? And this is worrying because the next could be a bad precedent for other provinces can also be the beginning of national disintegration and dissolution of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. Indonesia Today

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